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Unemployment and Worrying Situation of India’s Youth

“India’s biggest economic problems: young people who have invested in higher education are finding it increasingly hard to find work, those of future generations. This pandemic is making this issue all the most acute.”

The situation of the young population in India is very much in danger, and we have to pay for this at large. A statistic shows that 30% of the population (about 39 crore) are under the age group of 15-29 years. Unemployed youth (15-29 years) was 25.1 million in 2017-18. Young workers of 18-30 years of age seeking employment under MGNEGRA were 70.71% in 2018-19. Young people (15-20 years) as “time pass” generations who are neither part of the labour force nor in education or training was a hundred million in 2017-18.

The Centre for Monitoring the Indian Economy(CMIE) estimated that about 8.5% of the total employed persons in 2019-2020 are of 20-24 years and due to nationwide lockdown 11% (1.3 crore)  of them lost jobs and another 1.4 crore jobs were lost in the age group of 25-29 years.  The CMIE categorically estimated that about 41% of people of 15-29 years age groups lost their job in May 2020 and about 27 million young of 20 -30 years lost jobs in April 2020. These populations were engaged in retail, hospitality, and tourism, which are badly hit by policies enforcing social distancing. That’s why, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) warned, ‘youth are being disproportionately affected by the pandemic. It is undoubtedly a worrying situation. But the government is ‘yet getting away with it’.

This government is only encourageous about the strength of the youth. For instance, The Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi in a post on LinkedIn commented, “India, a youthful nation known for its innovative zeal, can take the lead in providing a new work culture.” But where there is no work, how he dreams of a new work culture. A statistic reveals that ‘the unemployment rate for Indian graduates was 12.7% in 2018 because of India’s failure to create enough high-quality, and non-firming jobs.’  The government celebrates the Youth Day on 12th January every year to facilitate the power and strength of youth which is based on strong vocabulary.

In practice, it has no effective policy for replacement of this vibrant section on productive purpose. But ‘our failure to provide for the youth can lead to social unrest. We may be sitting on a ticking time bomb.’ ‘A dissatisfied educated youth population can impact the social, economic, and religious fabric of a society like India.’  According to German demographer Gunnar Heinsohn, ‘there are links between violence and increasingly young population.’ Therefore, the Indian young population would be frustrated and depressed when they would not get jobs. It would create behavioural problems deeply. They would enter into another world of crime, violence and so forth. Simultaneously, they would lead their lives in more unproductive and intoxicated state. So, the vibrant section would be more dangerous in the future for this country.  It would affect various social institutions like family, marriage, and so forth.

The new National Education Policy would fuel the crisis of youth.  Will the ‘Rama Temple’ resolve  all problems of the secular India? The BJP led government is more concerned about this than the crisis like youth unemployment.  Will  only political politics, not destroy the structure of India’s democratic stratified society?

The views and opinions expressed by the writer are personal and do not necessarily reflect the official position of VOM.
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