Discourse on Political Morality in Indian Democracy


The world largest democracy of India is being considered as multi-parties democracy because it is more political party-oriented than people-orientation. It becomes an elite concept. The equal rights and justice in this democratic country is being theorized as an agenda of each and every political party. Reality speaks totally differently. The overall situation is dominated and controlled by a few.   The democratic right of the people is limited within the power of casting vote under the dominance of these political parties. Few voters have liberty to free for casting their votes according to their own choice. Therefore, Indians are far away from a balanced and healthy society. Perhaps it is a tactic for all political parties to keep common under their dominance and control. It might be technique to drive them according to their very purposes of the political gain. Making people dependent is a common theory as well as practical to the political parties. No political party (in the rule or in opposition) does not want to make people self-reliant and conscious about the real meaning and action of the democracy and democratic government. Political conflict, threat and violence, etc. are politico-technical methods to push the people in disturbance. More disturbances among the people are for gaining more in politics. Further, each political party is selling their product – “my things are better than yours”,

Indian democracy has yielded political-elites who grieve and control the government. The political elites are fulfilling their interest of political-democracy, and they usually ignore the idea of moral-democracy. ‘The faults of democratic electoral politics like absence of transparency, criminality, induction of elites and the privileged dynasts make any democratic system inefficient by its very inability to offer meaningful choices to voters based on merit.’ Politics in India has lost its real democratic identity because ‘it has given free hand to override and manipulate the structures of every nation-building, edifice, which mostly has a dangerous influence on the social structure too.’ Mistrust and suspicion have taken vital place. There is a ‘crisis of trust’ in society. Indians are doubtful about government, politicians and legal institutions(law and police).

 Therefore, all development planning and policy are directed time to time under dominance of political party(ies) in rule. The voice of a majority or opinion of the common mass has never assessed and measured. The ruling party(ies) never bothers to assess opinion of the common mass. Even their elected representative’s opinion in opposition is also suppressed. Consequently, development of the majority is either static or deteriorating day by day. The democratic government is always one sided and it is attentive to protect the interest of a few. It exploits and ignores the interest of the majority.

Where is the morality and moral responsibility of the democratic politics and the political parties?

Indian economy is agriculture based and it’s most of the population depends on agriculture and allied sectors. But unfortunately this sector and this major section of India’s populace are neglected and exploited as well as in critical living condition  (i.e hunger, poverty, ill-health and illiteracy) due to faulty planning, policy, and programme. Not only that the inappropriate strategies and ill-politics are pushing the majority from poor to poorer. Recently amendment of the Farmers Bills has been an exemplary step to accelerate an adverse situation to this productive section. The government is always trying to make strong the lobby of corporate.

Indian democracy is under darkness and threat. The face cover of this political party-oriented democracy should be removed. There is an urgent need of political morality to make India really progressive and prosperous.  

Harasankar Adhikari

The views and opinions expressed by the writer are personal and do not necessarily reflect the official position of VOM.
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